Identification and Analysis of PGM and SUS Gene Families in Leymus Chinensis Seed Transcriptome
School of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150000, China
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2021, Vol. 12, No. 7 doi: 10.5376/mpb.2021.12.0007
Received: 29 Jan., 2021 Accepted: 01 Feb., 2021 Published: 19 Feb., 2021
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This article was first published in Molecular Plant Breeding in Chinese, and here was authorized to translate and publish the paper in English under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:
Wang B., Gong T., Li R., Wang Q., Yang J., Liu W., Yang Z.Z., Zhang P., and Hu G.F., 2021, Identification and analysis of PGM and SUS gene families in leymus chinensis seed transcriptome, Molecular Plant Breeding, 12(7): 1-8 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2021.12.0007)
Leymus chinensis (Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel.) is a good perennial forage with good palatability, high yield and high feeding value. In addition, because of its strong resistance, Leymus chinensis can improve the disadvantaged environment such as poor land, and it is an important species to protect grassland ecology in China. Therefore, in order to promote the germination of leymus chinensis seeds and explore the mechanism of Germination, this study used sterile water treatment of leymus chinensis seeds as control, exogenous GA3 as treatment conditions. Based on the analysis of pre-transcriptome data, it was determined that PGM and SUS genes in sucrose and starch metabolic pathways play a significant role in seed Germination. Members identification, conserved domains, and evolutionary trees were analyzed for both gene families using the bioinformatics method. The expression pattern of PGM and SUS genes were analyzed with FPKM value. The results showed that 7 members were selected from each of the the PGM and SUS families based on the data of Leymus Chinensis seeds transcriptome. The molecular weight of PGM genes ranged from 15 471.3 to 67 912.9 Da, and the isoelectric point value ranged from 4.45 to 6.31, showing weak acidity. PGM family in Leymus Chinensis seeds are hydrophilic stable proteins. The molecular weight of SUS genes ranged from 30 421.5 to 110 262.9 Da. The isoelectric point of SUS genes were neutral except LcSUS1,5 and 7, while the other four genes were weak acidic. LcSUS4,6 were stable hydrophilic proteins, the rest were unstable hydrophilic proteins. The PGMand SUS gene families in Leymus chinensis seeds play an enzyme role in promoting sucrose and starch synthesis in sucrose and starch metabolism pathways. The expression pattern analysis of Leymus chinensis seeds showed that the genes of PGM and SUS gene families in GA3-treated Leymus chinensis seeds promoted the germination of Leymus chinensis seeds by regulating the sucrose and starch pathways with different expression levels.
Leymus chinensis; PGM and SUS gene families; Bioinformatics analysis; Expression analysis