Review and Progress

Revealing the Genetic Differentiation of Different Geographical Populations of Juniperus spp. Based on Chloroplast Genome  

Zheru Wang
Jiugu MolBreed SciTech Ltd., Zhuji, 311800, China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2024, Vol. 15, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2024.15.0001
Received: 27 Dec., 2023    Accepted: 30 Dec., 2023    Published: 01 Jan., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Wang Z.R., 2024, Revealing the genetic differentiation of different geographical populations of Juniperus spp. based on chloroplast genome, Molecular Plant Breeding, 15(1): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2024.15.0001)


Juniperus spp. are a diverse group of coniferous trees with wide distribution. This review focuses on the genetic differentiation of juniper populations across different geographic regions based on chloroplast genome analysis. By examining chloroplast genome sequences of junipers, significant genetic variations were identified among different geographic populations. These variations include single nucleotide polymorphisms, insertions/deletions, and structural differences in the genomes, reflecting the genetic adaptation and evolutionary history within distinct geographical environments. We also summarize the major driving factors behind juniper genetic differentiation, such as topography, climate, and human activities, all of which are closely associated with juniper genetic diversity and adaptability, and we emphasize the importance of studying juniper population genetic differentiation through chloroplast genome analysis and the potential applications of such research in the conservation and management of juniper resources.

Juniperus spp.; Chloroplast genome; Genetic differentiation; Geographic populations; Genetic diversity
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