Brief History of Plant Breeding

Breeding 4.0: The Breeding Revolution of Genetic Information Integration and Editing  

Jim Fang
Hainan Institute of Tropical Agricultural Resources, Sanya, 572025, China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2024, Vol. 15, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2024.15.0003
Received: 06 Feb., 2024    Accepted: 09 Feb., 2024    Published: 12 Feb., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Fang J., 2024, Breeding 4.0: The breeding revolution of genetic information integration and editing, Molecular Plant Breeding, 15(1): 15-26 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2024.15.0003)

Abstract

Breeding 4.0 represents a breeding revolution in genetic information integration and editing, and is an important innovation in the field of plant breeding. By integrating genetic and genomic information, Breeding 4.0 introduces highly precise genotype selection and gene editing technologies to improve breeding efficiency and accuracy. This revolutionary breeding method helps accelerate the improvement and optimization of crop varieties to meet the growing agricultural demand and sustainable development challenges. The technology and methods of Breeding 4.0, including the development of genome prediction and selection, the application of high-throughput phenotype determination, and the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning in Breeding 4.0. The application and benefits of Breeding 4.0 are obvious, including examples and advantages of genetically modified breeding and gene editing breeding, as well as the contribution of Breeding 4.0 to sustainable agricultural development. However, Breeding 4.0 faces ethical, legal, and social considerations, as well as technical and methodological challenges. Undoubtedly, Breeding 4.0 is the forefront and future direction of contemporary breeding, providing a foundation for achieving higher-level breeding goals.

Keywords
Breeding 4.0; Genetic information; Genotype selection; Gene editing; Sustainable agricultural development
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