Research Article

Morphological and Histological Analysis of Somatic Embryogenesis in Haworthia Cooperivar  

Jieqiong Zhu1,2 , Xiaomei Zhao1 , Guangzhe Lin1 , Li Yan1 , Debin Tong3 , Yuji Lian1
1 College of Life Sciences Linyi University, Linyi, 276000, China
2 College of Life Sciences Shan dong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China
3 Linyi Xianzhu Biotechnology Co. Ltd, Linyi, 276000, China
Author    Correspondence author
Plant Gene and Trait, 2020, Vol. 11, No. 6   doi: 10.5376/pgt.2020.11.0006
Received: 05 Jun., 2020    Accepted: 22 Aug., 2020    Published: 12 Sep., 2020
© 2020 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This article was first published in Molecular Plant Breeding in Chinese, and here was authorized to translate and publish the paper in English under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Zhu J.Q., Zhao X.M., Lin G.Z., Yan L., Tong D.B., and Lian Y.J., 2020, Morphological and histological analysis of somatic embryogenesis in Haworthia cooperivar, Plant Gene and Trait, 11(6): 1-9 (doi: 10.5376/pgt.2020.11.0006)


The fleshy leaves were used as materials for induction and proliferation somatic embryonic callus and plant regeneration. The morphological and histological characteristics of granular embryonic callus were studied by light microscopy using Spuur resin section. The results showed that the yellowish and granular embryonic callus was induced on modified MS medium were supplemented with 1.5 mg/L 6-BA and 0.5 mg/L IAA, the highest induction ratio was 66.7%. The highest proliferation net weight (14.73 g) was presented at modified MS medium were added 1.5 mg/L 6-BA an d 0.4 mg/L IAA. Milky white globular or heat shape somatic embryo was differentiated from calls that originate d from outer or inner-epidermis, the embryonic callus was composed of cells with big nuclear, vigorous division and containing starch granules. The inner embryonic cell clusters showed spiral or oval shapes. These structures were further developed to somatic embryos, which were transformed to complete clumps of small plants from the surface of callus. Healthy developed seedlings rooted on MMS+ 0.1mg/L IAA. This research provides technical support for the rapid propagation and molecular breeding of Haworthia cooperivar.


Haworthia cooperivar; Somatic embryo; Histological analysis; Plant regeneration
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