An Antisense Intragenic lncRNA SEAIRa Mediates Transcriptional and Epigenetic Repression of SERRATE in Arabidopsis
Published:15 Mar.2023    Source:PNAS

SERRATE (SE) is a core protein for microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis as well as for mRNA alternative splicing. Investigating the regulatory mechanism of SE expression is hence critical to understanding its detailed function in diverse biological processes. However, little about the control of SE expression has been clarified, especially through long noncoding RNA (lncRNA). Here, we identified an antisense intragenic lncRNA transcribed from the 3′ end of SE, named SEAIRa. SEAIRa repressed SE expression, which in turn led to serrated leaves. SEAIRa recruited plant U-box proteins PUB25/26 with unreported RNA binding ability and a ubiquitin-like protein related to ubiquitin 1 (RUB1) for H2A monoubiquitination (H2Aub) at exon 11 of SE. In addition, PUB25/26 helped cleave SEAIRa and release the 5’ domain fragment, which recruited the PRC2 complex for H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) deposition at the first exon of SE. The distinct modifications of H2Aub and H3K27me3 at different sites of the SE locus cooperatively suppressed SE expression. Collectively, our results uncover an epigenetic mechanism mediated by the lncRNA SEAIRa that modulates SE expression, which is indispensable for plant growth and development.