Brief History of Plant Breeding

Breeding 5.0: AI-Driven Revolution in Designed Plant Breeding  

Jim Fang
Hainan Institute of Tropical Agricultural Resources, Sanya, 572025, China
Author    Correspondence author
Molecular Plant Breeding, 2024, Vol. 15, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/mpb.2024.15.0004
Received: 07 Feb., 2024    Accepted: 10 Feb., 2024    Published: 13 Feb., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Fang J., 2024, Breeding 5.0: AI-driven revolution in designed plant breeding, Molecular Plant Breeding, 15(1): 27-33 (doi: 10.5376/mpb.2024.15.0004)

Abstract

The future of plant breeding is advancing towards greater precision, efficiency, and sustainability. Breeding 5.0 represents the forefront of future plant breeding, revolutionizing the field through innovative technologies and methods such as genome editing, artificial intelligence, and big data analysis, enabling integration and editing of genetic information. This will bring revolutionary changes to global agriculture, enhancing food productivity, improving food quality, and fostering resilience to climate change. Looking ahead, precise agriculture and personalized breeding will be crucial directions for development. The development of techniques like fluorescence-based hybridization and microscopic imaging will propel breeding advancements, while strategies focusing on environmental adaptability and climate change will help address evolving environmental challenges. The frontier technologies and methods of Breeding 5.0, the transformation of global food systems for human food security, and the significance of scientific collaboration and interdisciplinary research will shape the future direction and progress of plant breeding.

Keywords
Plant Breeding 5.0; Genome editing; Artificial intelligence; Big data analysis; Sustainable development
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